The Hindu political parties like Congress and Hindu Mahasabha started emphasizing that the right of separate electorate acquired by the Muslims should be abolished, as it was harmful for the idea of a United Indian Nation. Under these circumstances the Hindu-Muslim differences started increasing. An All-Parties Committee was convened under the leadership of Mr. Motilal Nehru. The report of this committee was debated upon in Calcutta in an All-Parties Convention in December 1928. Quaid-i-Azam put up a few important amendments in the “Nehru Report”. These were about the reservation of one-third seats for the Muslims in 18 the Central Assembly, allocation of seats in the Punjab and Bengal on the basis of population, and entrusting the Residual Authority to the center. These amendments were turned down by the Hindus. Quaid-i-Azam was, therefore, forced to say,
“This is our parting of the ways!” As a reaction to this development the following ‘Fourteen-Points’ of Quaid-i-Azam formed the basis of the future political struggle of the Muslims:-
- · Federal System of Government where the provinces would have a definite mandate.
- Equal provincial autonomy system.
- Effective and adequate representation to the minorities in all the Provincial Legislative Assemblies WITHOUT reducing any majority to any equality or a minority.
- One-Third Seats for the Muslims in the Central Legislature.
- No territorial adjustment in Punjab, Bengal and North Western Province to affect the majority of Muslims.
- All the communal/religious groups to enjoy full freedom.
- No Legislature to pass a Bill without approval of the majority members of the community being affected by that Bill.
- Sind to be separated from the Bombay Presidency.
- Application of reforms to N.W.F.P. and Baluchistan
- Adequate and satisfactory constitutional protection to all the Muslim cultural, educational, linguistic, religious, personal law and benevolent institutions.
- Adequate quota for the Muslims in employments.
- Every provincial and central cabinet to include at least one-third Muslim ministers.
- No amendment should be done to the constitution without the concurrence of the participating state/provinces.