Pakistan gave Muslims of the Sub-Continent an identity and an Independent homeland as a safe haven. The architect of the “Miracle of the Twentieth Century” is no other than Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

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Tuesday, July 5, 2011

My brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah by Fatima Jinnah

My brother(Mera Bhai) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Madar e Millat
Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah

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A beautiful Book written by Miss Fatima Jinnah on the life of Quaid e azam Muhammad Ali Jinanh.

Quaid said 

"Miss Fatima Jinnah is a constant source of help and encouragement to me. In the days when I was expecting to be taken as a prisoner by the British Government, it was my sister who encouraged me, and said hopeful things when revolution was staring me in the face. Her constant care is about my health."
                                                                                         Quaid-i-Azam, 9 August 1947. 

Of the seven brothers and sisters of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Miss Fatima Jinnah (1893-1967), his third sister, resembled him the most. In his personal life as well, no one was so close to him. Their father, Jinnah Poonja, having died in 1901(?), Jinnah became her guardian. He also took a keen interest in her education. It was his steadfast support that saw her join the Bandra Convent in 1902, and later enrolled in Dr. Ahmad Dental College at Calcutta in 1919, despite the strident family opposition to the very idea of a Khoja girl joining the Convent as a boarder, or launching upon a professional course. And when she finally qualified, Jinnah went along with her idea of opening a dental clinic in Bombay, and helped set it up in 1923. 

Miss Jinnah had first lived with her brother, for about eight years - till 1918, when he got married to Ruttenbai. Upon Ruttenbai's death in February 1929, Miss Jinnah wound up her clinic, moved into Jinnah's bungalow, and took charge of his house. Thus began the life-long companionship, which lasted till Jinnah's death on  11 September 1948.  In all Miss Jinnah lived with her brother for about twenty-eight years,  including the last nineteen years in his life, which, by all accounts, were the more  critical, the more trying, years in all his life. During these years, 

The Quaid emerged, slowly but dramatically, from almost political isolation (especially during his self exile in England during 1931-34) to an almost universal acceptance of his leadership of the newly proclaimed Muslim nation of a hundred million, when he snatched victory out of the jaws of  defeat, when he struggled long and hard to wrest for Muslims nationhood and  statehood by finding ambre rational and a more equitable framework for  power-distribution between India's two major nations, culminating in a startlingly new ordering of the sub-continental cosmos. Miss Jinnah, who not only lived with her brother but also accompanied him on his numerous tours, had developed and displayed a keen sense of the heroic struggle he was waging. There- is also evidence to show that he discussed various problems with her, mostly at the breakfast and dinner 
table; he also confided in her. On Miss Jinnah's part, she was, to quote the Quaid, "a constant source of help and encouragement" to him, saying "hopeful things when revolution was starting" him in the face. 

The thought of doing or sponsoring a biography of her illustrious brother, it seems, came to Miss Jinnah about the time when Hector Bolitho's Jinnah was first published in 1954. Although a good biography, anchored as it was, for the most part, on the personal recollections of Jinnah's professional colleagues, political companions and observers, as well as contemporaries who had something or the other to do with him during his long professional and public career, it was yet generally felt that Bolitho's Jinnah had somehow failed to bring out the real Jinnah in terms of his political life and achievements. 

Shortly afterwards, Miss Jinnah began looking for a suitable Pakistani author to do a biography of the Quaid, since she believed that only a Pakistani, especially one supremely endowed with a sensitized view of the evolution of  Muslim politics during the epochal decade of 19.3747, would be able to reconstruct the complex scenario of that decade, and do justice to the
Man and his mission. Her first choice was Professor Itrat Husain Zuberi, formerly  Principal, Islamia College, Calcutta, and later Vice-Chancellor, Rajshahi Univer- sity. When for some reason Professor Zuberi had' to leave Pakistan for the  United States in 1958/59, her choice fell on justice M.R. Kayani. But he died  rather suddenly, on 15 November 1962. Then she chose Mr. G. Allana for the  assignment. For some eighteen months, Mr. Allana assisted Miss Jinnah on the  biography, but late in 1964, about the time when she was persuaded to contest  the presidential election against Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan as the  Opposition's nominee, they parted company, due to reasons, which have  remained undisclosed. Interestingly, the termination of their collaborative venture  dampened neither Miss Jinnah nor Mr. Allana. While the former continued with  her quest for a suitable author or co-author for the biography till her death on 8  July 1967, the latter remained steadfast to the cause of doing a biography,  producing one after Miss Jinnah's death under the title, Quaid-i-Azam jinnah: The  Story of a Nation. To date it remains the best biography of Jinnah by a Pakistani. 

The present Ms., recovered along with the Quaid-azim Papers from Mohatta  Palace after Miss Jinnah's death, and preserved in the National Archives of  Pakistan at Islamabad, was presumably written during 196364. This is indicated  on its title page, which says that it was done by "Fatima jinnah with the  assistance of G. Allana". 
Clearly, Miss Jinnah was the source of information contained in the Ms. with Mr.  Allana's contribution being for the most part limited to improving the original write- up, and making it readable. This assumption is based on two material facts,  which are within the knowledge of the present editor. First, Mr. Allana, while  discussing with him the biography project in some detail, late in 1963, informed  him, inter alia, that he was doing, in collaboration with Miss jinnah, a biography of  the Quaid, and that the first two chapters 

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